International Center for Climate and Global Change Research
Solon and Martha Dixon Professor
University Alumni Professor
School of Forestry and Wildlife Sciences
SFWS Building, 602 Duncan Drive
Auburn, AL 36849-5418, USA
Phone: (334) 844-1059
Fax: (334) 844-1084
Education Experience EDGE Lab Research Teaching Service Publication
Ph.D. (1991-1995), Environmental and Forest Biology (Systems Ecology), State University of New York College of Environmental Sciences and Forestry (SUNY-ESF) and Syracuse University, New York.
Doctor of Science Candidate (1988-1991), Forest Ecology, College of Forest Resources, Beijing Forestry University, China.
M.S. (1983-1986), Agronomy and Soil, The Graduate School, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing.
B.S. (1978-1982), Agronomy, Zhejiang University (Former Zhejiang Agricultural University), Hangzhou/Ningbo.
Director, International Center for Climate and Global Change Research, Auburn University, USA
Solon and Martha Dixon Professor (2010 - ), School of Forestry and Wildlife Sciences, Auburn University, AL, USA
University Alumni Professor (2007 - ), School of Forestry and Wildlife Sciences, Auburn University, AL, USA.
Adjunct Professor (2008 - ), Department of Computer Science and Software Engineering, Auburn University
Professor (6/2003 - present), School of Forestry and Wildlife Sciences, Auburn University, AL, USA.
Associate Professor (8/2001-5/2003), Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, the University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS, USA.
Staff Scientist I (7/1998–7/2001), Research Associate (5/1998-7/1998),Postdoctoral Research Scientist (9/1995-4/1998), The Ecosystems Center, Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA.
Research Affiliate (1/1998-present), MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, MIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA.
Research Assistant (1/1992-8/1995), College of Environmental Science and Forestry, State University of New York, Syracuse, USA.
Assistant Professor (7/1986-8/1988), China National Rice Research Institute, Hangzhou, China.
Research Associate (8/1982-8/1983), Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Jinyun, Zhejiang, China.
Dr. Tian is an ecosystem scientist and systems modeler worked at a broad scale and examined ecosystem processes and exchanges (energy, carbon, nitrogen and water) that occur at the interfaces of the atmosphere, biosphere and hydrosphere. His primary interest is in the understanding of coupled biogeochemical cycles in the Earth’s ecosystems and dynamics of coupled natural and human systems by using a systems approach and merging new technology (GIS, GPS, RS and Computer Simulation). He works at a spectrum of spatial scales that range from plot to watershed to regional to global, and a spectrum of organisms from microbes to trees. His research fields have covered a range of topics, including studies of carbon, nitrogen and water cycles in a range of ecosystems across the globe including boreal and temperate forests in North America and East Asia, tropical forests in the Amazon Basin and Southeast Asia, savannas in Africa, grasslands in United States and Mongolia, and croplands in China and United States.
The work in Tian’s laboratory is necessarily interdisciplinary and collaborative. Much of the research has utilized an integrated approach that is a combination of systems thinking, systems modeling, computer simulation, spatial analysis (GIS, GPS & RS), and ecosystem theory. While we focus on model development for data analysis and hypothesis testing, we seek close collaborations with colleagues for experiments and field observations.
The current research projects include studies of quantifying biotic, climatic and anthropogenic controls on terrestrial ecosystem dynamics and the global carbon cycle; characterizing and identifying the feedback mechanisms between terrestrial ecosystems and the climatic system; modeling dynamics of terrestrial ecosystems involving exchanges (energy, water, carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus) that occur at the interfaces of the atmosphere, biosphere and hydrosphere; and investigating dynamics of human-ecosystem interactions at the urban-rural interface.
Courses Taught at Auburn University (Spring, 2004 - )
FORY 7210 - Ecosystem Ecology
FORY 8970 - Global Biogeochemical Cycle
FORY 7970 - Ecosystem Modeling and Analysis
FORY 7930 - Remote Sensing of Terrestrial Ecosystems
FORY 8970 – Advanced Biogeochemical/Ecosystem Modeling
FORY 8930 - Frontiers in Global Change Ecology
FORY 7970 - The Art of Interdisciplinary Research in Global Change and Earth System
Courses Taught at the University of Kansas, Lawrence (2001-2003)
BIOL 414 – Principles of Ecology
BIOL 415 – Field and Laboratory Methods in Ecology
BIOL 656 – Ecosystem Ecology
BIOL 701 - Terrestrial Ecology
BIOL 714 – Community and Ecosystem Ecology
Course Taught at State University of New York, Syracuse (1991-1995)
EFB 518 - Systems Ecology
Course Taught at Beijing Forestry University, Beijing (1988-1991)
Reviewer for papers:
Nature, Science, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, Global Change Biology, JGR-Biogeosciences, JGR-Atmosphere, Ecological Applications, Journal of Ecology, Geophysical Research Letters, Ecosystems, Forest Ecology and Management, Global Ecology and Biogeography, Science in China (Chinese Academy of Science), Tellus
Reviewer for proposals:
- USA: NASA, NSF, NOAA, DOE
- Canada: NSERC, SSHRC and MRC
- China: NSFC, CAS
- United Kingdom: NERC
- Public Outreach:
Tian, HQ, G. Chen, C. Zhang, M. Liu, G. Sun, A. Chappelka, W. Ren, X. Xu, C. Lu, S. Pan, H. Chen, D. Hui, S. McNulty, G. Lockaby and E. Vance. 2012. Century-scale response of ecosystem carbon storage to multifactorial global change in the Southern United States. Ecosystems DOI: 10.1007/s10021-012-9539-x
Xu, X. and H. Tian 2012. Methane exchange between marshland and the atmosphere over China during 1949-2008, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, doi:10.1029/2010GB003946.
Chen, G., H. Tian, C. Zhang, M. Liu, W. Ren, W. Zhu, A. Chappelka, S. Prior and G. Lockaby. 2012. Drought in the Southern United States over the 20th century: Variability and its impacts on terrestrial ecosystem productivity and carbon storage. Climatic Change DOI 10.1007/s10584-012-0410-z
Zhang, C., H. Tian, G. Chen, A. Chappelka, X. Xu, W. Ren, D. Hui, M. Liu, C. Lu, S. Pan, G. Lockaby. 2012. Impacts of Urbanization on Carbon Balance in Terrestrial Ecosystems of the Southern United States. Environmental Pollution 164, 89-101. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2012.01.020
Lu, C., H. Tian, M. Liu, W. Ren, X. Xu, G. Chen and C. Zhang. 2012. Effects of nitrogen deposition on China’s terrestrial carbon uptake in the context of multiple environmental changes. Ecological Applications 22:53–75. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/10-1685.1
Liu, M., H. Tian, C. Lu, X. Xu, G. Chen, W. Ren. 2012. Effects of Multiple Environment Stresses on Evapotranspiration and Runoff over the Eastern China. Journal of Hydrology Vol 426–427, 39–54. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2012.01.009.
Miller, S. M.; Kort, E. A.; Hirsch, A. I.; Dlugokencky, E. J.; Andrews, A. E.; Xu, X.; Tian, H.; Nehrkorn, T.; Eluszkiewicz, J.; Michalak, A. M.; Wofsy, S. C. 2012. Regional sources of nitrous oxide over the United States: Seasonal variation and spatial distribution J. Geophys. Res., Vol. 117, No. D6, D06310 http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2011JD016951
Keenan, T.F., I. Baker, A. Barr, P. Cias, K. Davis, M. Dietze, D. Dragoni, C. Gough, R. Grant, D. Hollinger, K. Hufkens, B. Poulter, H. Mccaughey, B. Raczka, Y. Ryu, K. Schaefer, H. Tian, H. Verneeck, M. Zhao and A. Richardson. 2012. Terrestrial biosphere model performance for inter-annual variability of land-atmosphere CO2 exchange, Global Change Biology doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2012.02678.x
Huntzinger, D.N., W.M. Post, Y. Wei, A.M. Michalak, T.O. West, A.R. Jacobson, I.T. Baker, J. M. Chen, K.J. Davis, D.J. Hayes, F.M. Hoffman, A.K. Jain, S. Liu, A.D. McGuire, R.P. Neilson, B. Poulter, B.M. Raczka, H.Q. Tian, P. Thornton, E. Tomelleri, N. Viovy, J. Xiao, N. Zeng, M. Zhao, and R. Cook. 2012. North American Carbon Project (NACP) Regional Interim Synthesis: Terrestrial Biospheric Model Intercomparison. Ecological Modeling 232: 144-157.
Andrew D. Richardson, Ryan S. Anderson, M. Altaf Arain, Alan G. Barr, Gil Bohrer, Guangsheng Chen, Jing M. Chen, Philippe Ciais, Kenneth J. Davis, Ankur R. Desai, Michael C. Dietze, Danilo Dragoni, Steven R. Garrity, Christopher M. Gough, Robert Grant, David Y. Hollinger, Hank A. Margolis, Harry McCaughey, Mirco Migliavacca, Russell K. Monson, J. William Munger, Benjamin Poulter, Brett M. Raczka, Daniel M. Ricciuto, Alok K. Sahoo, Kevin Schaefer, Hanqin Tian, Rodrigo Vargas, Hans Verbeeck, Jingfeng Xiao, Yongkang Xue. 2012. Terrestrial biosphere models need better representation of vegetation phenology: Results from the North American Carbon Program Site Synthesis. Global Change Biology, 18 (2), 566-584. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2011.02562.x.
Tian, HQ, J. Melillo, C. Lu, D. Kicklighter, M Liu, J. Liu,W. Ren, X. Xu, G. Chen, C. Zhang, S. Pan and S. Running. 2011. China's terrestrial carbon balance: Contribution from multiple global change factors. Global Biogeochemical Cycles doi:10.1029/2010GB003838.
Tian, HQ, X. Xu, C. Lu, M. Liu, W. Ren, G. Chen, J. Melillo and J. Liu. 2011. Net exchanges of CO2, CH4, and N2O between China’s terrestrial ecosystems and the atmosphere and their contributions to global climate warming. Journal of Geophysical Research doi:10.1029/2010JG001393.
Spatial and temporal patterns of CH4 and N2O fluxes in terrestrial ecosystems of North America during 1979–2008: application of a global biogeochemistry model, Biogeosciences 7, 2673-2694..
Xu, X., H. Tian, C. Zhang, M. Liu, W. Ren, G. Chen, and C. Lu. 2010. Attribution of spatial and temporal variations in terrestrial methane flux over North America, Biogeosciences 3637–3655
Melillo, JM, DW Kicklighter, HQ Tian and S. Butler. 2010. Fertilizing Change: Carbon-nitrogen interactions and carbon storage in land ecosystems. In: Hillel D. and Rosenzweig C. (Eds) Hanbook of Climate Change and Agroecosystems: Impacts, Adaptation, and Mitigation. Imperial College Press.
Hui D., H.Q. Tian, Y. Luo. 2011. Impacts of Climatic Changes on Biogeochemical Cycling in Terrestrial Ecosystems. Chapter 18. Chen, W.-Y.; Seiner, J.; Suzuki, T.; Lackner, M. (Eds.) Handbook of Climate Change Mitigation, ISBN: 978-1-4419-7990-2, Springer.
Zhu, W., H. Tian, X. Xu, Y. Pan, G. Chen and W. Lin. Extension of the growing season due to delayed autumn over mid and high latitudes in North America during 1982-2006. Global Ecology and Biogeography. DOI: 10.1111/j.1466-8238.2011.00675.x
.Liu, M. and HQ Tian. 2010. China's land-cover and land-use change from 1700 to 2005: estimations from high-resolution satellite data and historical archives, Global Biogeochemical Cycles doi:10.1029/2009GB003687
Ren, W., HQ Tian, X. Xu, M. Liu, C. Lu, G. Chen, J. Melillo, J. Reilly and J. Liu. Spatial and temporal patterns of CO2 and CH4 fluxes in China’s croplands in response to multifactor environmental changes, Tellus B DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0889.2010.00522.x
Ren, W., H. Tian, B. Tao, A. Chappelka, G. Sun, C. Lu, M. Liu, G. Chen and X. Xu. Impacts of ozone pollution and climate change on net primary productivity and carbon storage of China’s forest ecosystems as assessed by using a process-based ecosystem model . Global Ecology and Biogeography doi: 10.1111/j.1466-8283.2010.00606.x
Lu, D., X. Xu, H. Tian, E. Moran, M. Zhao and S. Running. 2010. Effects of Urbanization on Net Primary Productivity in Southeastern China. Environmental Management DOI 10.1007/s00267-010-9542-y
Zhang, C., H. Tian, Y. Wang, T. Zeng and Y. Liu. 2010. Predicting response of fuel load to future changes in climate and atmospheric composition in the Southern United States. Forest Ecol. Manage., doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2010.05.012.
Schwalm et al. A model-data intercomparison of CO2 exchange during a large scale drought event: Results from the NACP Site Synthesis, Journal of Geophysical Research 115: G00H05, doi: 10.1029/2009JG001229.
Tian, H., X. Xu, S. Miao, E. Sindhoj, B.J. Beltran and Zhijian Pan 2010. Modeling ecosystem responses to prescribed fires in a phosphorus-enriched Everglades wetland: I. Phosphorus dynamics and cattail recovery. Ecol. Model. (2010), doi:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2009.12.025
Tian, HQ, M. Liu, C. Zhang, W. Ren, X. Xu, G. Chen, C. Lu and B. Tao. 2010. The dynamic land ecosystem model (DLEM) for simulating terrestrial processes and interactions in the context of multifactor global change. Acta Geographical Science, 65(9), 1027-1047.
Tian, HQ, G. Chen, M. Liu, C. Zhang, G. Sun, C. Lu, X. Xu, W. Ren, S. Pan and A. Chappelka. 2010. Model Estimates of Ecosystem Net Primary Productivity, Evapotranspiration, and Water Use Efficiency in the Southern United States during 1895-2007. Forest Ecology and Management 259: 1311-1327.
Tian, HQ, GS Chen, C. Zhang, JM Melillo and C Hall. 2010. Pattern and variation of C:N:P ratios in China’s soils: A synthesis of observational data. Biogeochemistry 98:139-151.
Tian, HQ, G. Chen, M. Liu, C. Zhang, G. Sun, C. Lu, X. Xu, W. Ren, S. Pan and A. Chappelka. 2010. Model Estimates of Ecosystem Net Primary Productivity, Evapotranspiration, and Water Use Efficiency in the Southern United States during 1895-2007. Forest Ecology and Management 259, 1311-1327
Tian, HQ. X. Xu, C. Zhang, W. Ren, G. Chen, M. Liu, D. Lu and S. Pan. (2008) Forecasting and Assessing the Large-scale and Long-term Impacts of Global Environmental Change on Terrestrial Ecosystems in the United States and China. In: S. Miao, S. Carstenn, and M. Nungesser (Eds), Real World Ecology: large-scale and long-term case studies and methods. Springer-Verlag, New York. Pp. 235-266.
Tian, H., J. Liu, J. M. Melillo, M. Liu, D. Kicklighter, X. Yan and S. Pan. 2008. The Terrestrial Carbon Budget in East Asia: Human and Natural Impacts. In: C. Fu, J. Freney and J. Steward (eds). Changes in the Human-Monsoon System of East Asia in the Context of Global Change. World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte.Ltd., Singapore, Hackensack, London. Pp. 163-176
Lu, D., HQ Tian, G. Zhou, H. Ge. 2008. Regional mapping of human settlements with multisensory remotely sensed data. Remote Sensing of Environment 112:3668-3679.
Liu, M. HQ Tian, GS Chen, W. Ren, C. Zhang and J. Liu. Effects of land use and land cover change on evapotranspiration and water yield in China during the 20th century. Journal of the American Water Resources Association (JAWRA) 44(5):1193-1207. DOI: 10.1111/j.1752-1688.2008.00243.x.
Xu X, H.Q. Tian and D. Hui. 2008. Convergence in the relationship of CO2 and N2O exchanges between soil and atmosphere within terrestrial ecosystems. Global Change Biology 14, 1651–1660, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2008.01595.x
Mu, Q., M. Zhao, S. W. Running, M. Liu and H. Tian (2008). Contribution of increasing CO2 and climate change to the carbon cycle in China's ecosystems. Journal of Geophysical Research, 113, G01018, doi:10.1029/2006JG000316.
Zhang, C., H.Q. Tian*, S. Pan, G. Lockaby, E.B. Schilling and John Stanturf. 2008. Effects of Forest Regrowth and Urbanization on Ecosystem Carbon Storage in a Rural-Urban Gradient in the Southeast US. Ecosystems 11: 1211–1222
Mu, Q., M. Zhao,F. Heinsch, M. Liu, H.Q. Tian and S.W. Running (2007) Evaluating water stress controls on primary production in biogeochemical and remote sensing based models. Journal of Geophysical Research, 112, G01012, doi:10.1029/2006JG000179.
Tian, H.Q., X. Xu and X. Song. 2007. Drought impacts on terrestrial primary productivity. Journal of Plant Ecology 31(2): 231-241.
Ren, W., H.Q. Tian*, M. Liu, C. Zhang, G. Chen, S. Pan, B. Felzer and X. Xu. 2007. Effects of tropospheric ozone pollution on net primary productivity and carbon storage in terrestrial ecosystems of China. Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmosphere 112, D22S09, doi:10.1029/2007JD008521.
Lu, C., and H. Tian (2007), Spatial and temporal patterns of nitrogen deposition in China: Synthesis of observational data, Journal of Geophysical Research, 112, D22S05, doi:10.1029/2006JD007990.
(2006), Patterns of soil nitrogen storage in China, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 20, GB1001, doi:10.1029/2005GB002464.
Chen, H., H.Q. Tian, M. Liu, J. M. Melillo, S. Pan, and C. Zhang (2006). Effect of land-cover change on terrestrial carbon dynamics in the southern USA. Journal of Environmental Quality 35:1533-1547.
Lu, A., H.Q. Tian, M. Liu, J. Liu, and J. M. Melillo (2006), Spatial and temporal patterns of carbon emissions from forest fires in China from 1950 to 2000, J. Geophysical Research, 111, D05313, doi:10.1029/2005JD006198.
Liu, J., H.Q. Tian, M. Liu, D. Zhuang, J.M. Melillo and Z. Zhang. 2005. China’s changing landscape during the 1990s: Large-scale land transformation estimated with satellite data. Geophysical Research Letters, 32, L02405, doi:10.1029/2004GL021649.
Liu, J., M. Liu, H.Q. Tian, D. Zhuang, Z. Zhang, W. Zhang and X. Tang, X. Deng. 2005. Spatial and temporal patterns of China’s cropland during 1990-2000: An analysis based on Landsat TM data. Remote Sensing of Environment 98: 442-456.
Zhang, C., H.Q. Tian, J. Liu, S. Wang, M. Liu, S. Pan and X. Shi. 2005. Pools and distributions of soil phosphorus in China. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 19, GB1020, doi:10.1029/2004GB002296.
Garcia-Montiel DC, Melillo JM, Steudler PA, Tian HQ, Neill C, Kicklighter DW, Feigl B, Cerri CC. 2004. Emissions of N2O and CO2 from forests in Rondônia, Brazil. Ecological Applications 14: 214-220.
Tian, H.Q., J.M. Melillo, D.W. Kicklighter, S. Pan, J. Liu, A.D. McGuire and B. Moore III. 2003. Regional carbon dynamics in monsoon Asia and its implications to the global carbon cycle. Global and Planetary Change 37:201-217.
Wang, S., H.Q. Tian, J. Liu and S. Pan. 2003. Pattern and change in soil organic carbon storage in China: 1960s-1980s. Tellus 55B:416-427.
Tian, H.Q. 2002. Modeling dynamics of the terrestrial biosphere in changing global environments: models, data, and validation. J. of Geographical Science 57:378-388.
Luo, T., R. Neilson, H.Q. Tian, C. Vörösmarty, H. Zhu, and S. Liu. 2002. A model for seasonality and distribution of leaf area index of forests and its application to China. J. of Vegetation Sciences 13:817-830.
Melillo, J.M., P.A. Steudler, B.J. Feigl, C. Neill, D. Garcia, C.C. Cerri, M.C. Piccolo and H.Q. Tian. 2001. Nitrous oxide emission from forests and pastures of various ages in the Brazilian Amazon. J. of Geophysical Research Vol. 106, No. D24, p. 34,179
McGuire, A. D., S. Sitch, R. Dargaville, G. Esser, J. Foley, M. Heimann, F. Joos, J. Kaplan, D. W. Kicklighter, R. A. Meier, J. M. Melillo, B. Moore III, I. C. Prentice, N. Ramankutty, T. Reichenau, A. Schloss, H.Q. Tian, L.J. Williams and U. Wittenberg. 2001. The effects of CO2, climate and land-use on terrestrial carbon balance, 1920-1992: An analysis with four process-based ecosystem models. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 15(1): 183-206
Tian, H.Q., C. A. S. Hall and Y. Qi. 2000. Increased biotic metabolism of the biosphere inferred from observed data and model. Science in China, Series B (Chemistry), 43(1):58-68. (Chinese Version)
Tian, H.Q., J. M. Melillo, D. W. Kicklighter, A. D. McGuire, J. Helfrich, B. Moore III and C. J. Vörösmarty. 2000. Climatic and biotic controls on annual carbon storage in Amazonian ecosystems. Global Ecology and Biogeography 9:315-336.
Schimel, D., J. Melillo, H.Q. Tian, D. McGuire, D. Kicklighter, T. Kittel, N. Rosenbloom, S. Running, P. Thornton, D. Ojima, W. Parton, R. Kelly, M. Sykes, R. Neilson and B. Rizzo. 2000. Contribution of increasing CO2 and climate to carbon storage by ecosystems in the United States. Science 287:2004-2006.
Tian, H.Q., J. M. Melillo, D. W. Kicklighter, A. D. McGuire, B. Moore III and C. J. Vorosmarty. 1999. Parameters for global ecosystem models. Nature 399:536 (London).
Tian, H.Q., J. M. Melillo, D. W. Kicklighter, A. D. McGuire and J. Helfrich. 1999. The sensitivity of terrestrial carbon storage to historical atmospheric CO2 and climate variability in the United States. Tellus 51B:414-452.
Tian, H., J. M. Melillo, D. W. Kicklighter, A. D. McGuire, J. Helfrich, B. Moore III and C. J. Vörösmarty. 1998. Effect of interannual climate variability on carbon storage in Amazonian ecosystems. Nature 396:664-667 (London).
Tian, H.Q., C. A. S. Hall and Y. Qi. 1998. Modeling primary productivity of the terrestrial biosphere in changing environments: Toward a Dynamic Biosphere Model. Critical Review in Plant Sciences 17(5):541-557.
Tian, H.Q., H. Xu and C. A. S. Hall. 1995. Pattern and change of a boreal forest landscape in the northeastern China. Water, Air and Soil Pollution 82:465-476.
Hall, C. A. S., H.Q. Tian, Y. Qi, G. Pontius and J. Cornell. 1995. Modeling spatial and temporal pattern of tropical land-use change. J. of Biogeography, 22:753-757.
Peterson, A. T., H.Q. Tian, E. Martínez-Meyer, J. Soberón, V. Sánchez-Cordero. Modeling Distributional Shifts of Individual Species and Biomes. In: Lovejoy T. and Hannah, L. (eds). Climate Change and Biodiversity. Yale University Press.
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